Blood Pressure Home > High Blood Pressure Medication
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) keep your body from making a hormone called angiotensin II, which normally causes blood vessels to narrow. This medication prevents this narrowing, so your blood pressure goes down.
Types of ACE inhibitors include:
- Enalapril (Vasotec®)
- Ramipril (Altace®)
- Quinapril (Accupril®)
- Benazepril (Lotensin®)
- Captopril (Capoten®)
- Fosinopril (Monopril®)
- Lisinopril (Zestril®, Prinivil®).
Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs)
Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) are newer high blood pressure medicines that protect your blood vessels from angiotensin II. As a result, with this type of drug, the blood vessels relax and become wider, and your blood pressure goes down.
Some examples of ARBs used for lowering blood pressure include:
- Azilsartan (Edarbi™) or azilsartan/chlorthalidone (Edarbyclor™)
- Candesartan (Atacand®) or candesartan-hydrochlorothiazide (Atacand HCT®)
- Eprosartan (Teveten®) or eprosartan-hydrochlorothiazide (Teveten® HCT)
- Irbesartan (Avapro®) or irbesartan-hydrochlorothiazide (Avalide®)
- Losartan (Cozaar®) or losartan-hydrochlorothiazide (Hyzaar®)
- Olmesartan (Benicar®), olmesartan-hydrochlorothiazide (Benicar HCT®), or amlodipine and olmesartan (AZOR™)
- Telmisartan (Micardis®) or telmisartan-hydrochlorothiazide (Micardis® HCT)
- Valsartan (Diovan®) or valsartan-hydrochlorothiazide (Diovan HCT®).
Calcium Channel Blockers (CCBs)
Calcium channel blockers keep calcium from entering the muscle cells of the heart and blood vessels. This reduces the heart rate and causes the blood vessels to relax. In turn, blood pressure goes down.
CCBs used for hypertension treatment include:
- Amlodipine (Norvasc®)
- Amlodipine/benazepril (Lotrel®)
- Verapamil (Calan®, Covera®, Verelan®)
- Diltiazem (Cardizem®, Tiazac®)
- Nifedipine (Adalat®, Procardia®)
- Felodipine (Plendil®)
- Nisoldipine (Sular®).
Alpha blockers reduce nerve impulses to blood vessels. This allows the blood to pass through the vessels more easily, causing blood pressure to go down.
Alpha blockers used for treatment of high blood pressure include:
Alpha-beta blockers work the same way as alpha blockers do, but they also slow down the heart rate (they are similar to beta blockers in this regard). As a result, with this type of medication for high blood pressure, less blood is pumped through the blood vessels and the blood pressure goes down. Carvedilol (Coreg®) is an example of an alpha-beta blocker.