Blood Pressure Home > Blood Pressure Medication

Beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, and nervous system inhibitors are just a few of the many types of medications for blood pressure available. If your doctor prescribes medication for this condition, remember to take your pills exactly as directed. Many types of medication are available for high blood pressure, and each one works in a slightly different way.

Medications for Blood Pressure: An Introduction

In addition to lifestyle changes, some people need blood pressure medication to improve their condition. There are many varieties of these medicines; each one works in a slightly different way. Also, people react to medication in different ways, so it's possible that your healthcare provider will need to try a few different types of drugs to find the one that's best for you.
If your doctor does prescribe medicine for high blood pressure, remember to take your pills exactly as directed. Even if you feel well, you still need to take your medication because damage can be occurring within your body.

Types of High Blood Pressure Medication

There are several categories of medication used to treat high blood pressure. Often, two or more drugs work better than one. The main types of medication for high blood pressure include:
  • Beta blockers
  • Diuretics
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) 
  • Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)
  • Calcium channel blockers (CCBs)
  • Alpha blockers
  • Alpha-beta blockers
  • Nervous system inhibitors
  • Vasodilators.

Detailed Descriptions of Blood Pressure Medicines

As a whole, the different types of high blood pressure medications are known as "antihypertensives." In the following sections, each variety of antihypertensive drug is described in more detail.
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Last reviewed by: Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
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