Blood Pressure Home > Confronting High Blood Pressure
In order to reduce the risk of serious health problems, such as kidney failure, high blood pressure (known medically as hypertension) must be confronted -- and the sooner the better. Treatment begins with lifestyle changes. For a lot of people, this is the only treatment necessary. Some examples include:
- Losing weight if overweight (losing just 10 pounds can help)
- Increasing physical activity (walking 30 minutes per day can help)
- Following a healthy eating plan that emphasizes fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy foods.
If lifestyle changes alone are not sufficient to lower blood pressure, medication may be prescribed.
Diuretics, beta blockers, and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are some of the most common types of blood pressure drugs. As a whole, the different types of blood pressure medications are known as "antihypertensives." However, each type works in a slightly different way.
(To learn more about dealing with hypertension, click High Blood Pressure Treatment.)