What Is High Blood Pressure?

How Does It Affect the Body?

The body structures that chronic high blood pressure affects most include the:
 
  • Heart
  • Brain
  • Kidneys
  • Eyes
  • Blood vessels.
     
Because of the effects of high blood pressure on these organs, a person who has had high blood pressure for a long time (known as chronic hypertension) can have:
 

Treatment Options for High Blood Pressure

Hypertension research scientists have found certain lifestyle changes that can lower blood pressure. With people for whom lifestyle changes cannot lower blood pressure to a "normal" level, blood pressure medication can be prescribed.
 
Lifestyle changes are the first form of high blood pressure treatment. Lifestyle changes help lower blood pressure, but they also usually help improve a person's quality of life. It may take three to six months before your healthcare provider sees the full benefit of lifestyle changes in your condition. Some of these changes may include:
 
Other lifestyle factors that may influence blood pressure and should be reduced or stopped completely include smoking and prolonged stress (see Smoking and High Blood Pressure or Stress and High Blood Pressure).
 
(Click High Blood Pressure Treatment for more information.)
 
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High Blood Pressure Information

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